2020山东考研英语语法大全:副词

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数学 | 政治 | 英语专硕

副词可修饰动词、描述 词、副词、介词短语及整个句子。

例句: Andrew, my father餾 younger brother, will not be at the picnic, much to the family餾 disappointment. (1997年第3题)

分析: 该句是简略 句,其间 副词much修饰介词短语to the family餾 disappointment。

译文: 我父亲的弟弟安德鲁不会参加野餐,这令全家人十分 绝望 。

一、副词的分类

1. 时间副词,如now, yesterday, today, ago, then, lately, soon, shortly, immediately, finally, recently, before, tomorrow。

例句: Americans today don餿 place a very high value on intellect. (选自2004年Text 4)

分析: 该句是简略 句。

译文: 现在美国人不注重 智力。

2. 地址 副词,如here, there, above, below, downstairs, upstairs, home, somewhere, everywhere, elsewhere, down, up, anywhere等。

例句: Here is an example, which I heard at a nurses convention, of a story which works well because the audience all shared the same view of doctors. (选自2002年Text 1)

分析: 该句是复合句,两个which引导的定语从句分别修饰an example和a story,前一个 which引导的定语从句为非限制性定语从句,起补充说明作用。

译文: 比如说,在一次护士大会上,我听到了一个能很好地发挥诙谐 效果的故事,因为所有的听众都对医师 持有相同的观点 。

3. 程度副词,如fairly, rather, very, almost, too, quite, enough, so, much。

例句: She had clearly no intention of doing any work, although she was very well paid.(1997年第34题)

分析: 该句是复合句,although后边 跟的是让步 状语从句。

译文: 虽然付给她的酬劳 丰厚,但她无意去工作。

4. 频率副词,如sometimes, often, usually, always, frequently, constantly, rarely, seldom, never, occasionally。

例句: In addition, the designer must usually select furniture or design built瞚n furniture, according to the functions that need to be served.

分析: 该句是简略 句,其间 built瞚n意为“内嵌式的”。在方式状语中,that need to be served为定语从句,修饰the functions。

译文: 此外,依据 需要满足的功用 ,设计者通常有必要 选择家具或设计内嵌式家具。

5.方式副词,表明 动作发生或进行的方式,如quickly,fast,slowly,suddenly,carefully, well, properly, roughly, angrily, rudely。

例句: You would be shocked if the inside of your bedroom were suddenly changed to look like the inside of a restaurant.

分析: 该句是复合句,if引导的从句表明 与现在相反的虚拟语气。

译文: 假如 你的卧室内部俄然 变得和饭店内部一样,你可能会大吃一惊。

6.疑问副词,如when, where, how, why, who。

例句: So where are the headlines warning of gloom and doom this time? (选自2002年Text 3)

分析: 该句是特殊疑问句。动词warn的ing形式作headlines的后置定语,表明 一种主动关系。

译文: 那么这次警告 人们经济萧条到来的头版新闻又在哪儿呢?

7.关系副词,如when,where,why。

例句: Yet it is hard to imagine that the merger of a few oil firms today could recreate the same threats to competition that were feared nearly a century ago in the U.S., when the Standard Oil Trust was broken up.

分析: 该句是复合句,主句是it is hard to imagine...。其间 ,it是形式主语,真实的 主语是to imagine that...to competition; that were feared nearly a century ago in the U. S.是定语从句修饰the same threats; when the Standard Oil Trust was broken up对错 限制定语从句修饰a century ago。

译文: 然而,现在 几家石油公司的合并是否再次给竞争带来挟制 难以意料 。因为美国一个世纪前曾因为 合并引发了一场竞争危机,形成 了规范 石油托拉斯的解体。

8.连接副词,如therefore, then, however, otherwise, hence, so, moreover, yet, consequently, besides, nevertheless, when, where, why, how。

例句: It is generally recognized, however, that the introduction of the computer in the early 20th century, followed by the invention of the integrated circuit during the 1960s, radically changed the process, although its impact on the media was not immediately apparent. (选自2002年Use of English)

分析: 该句是复合句,其间 it是形式主语,真实的 主语是that the introduction of the computer in the early 20th century。 followed by the invention of the integrated circuit during the 1960s作定语修饰the introduction。 although its impact on the media...是一个让步 状语从句。